Succulent propagation is the process of producing more succulents, but there is more than one method to propagate them (soil, air, water, & division). Today I’ll be giving you all the information you need to propagate them by soil. If you are interested in of the other methods of succulent propagation, be sure to check out my other blog posts detailing the water and air method. Now let’s begin!
To successfully soil propagate a succulent, you will need to:
- Remove several leaves from the lowest portion of your succulent. This can be done by gently wiggling the leaf from side to side until it comes loose. Be sure to choose a healthy colored, plump leaf. If it is yellowing or already shriveling up, it is not going to be an ideal propagator.
- Prepare a shallow plate or saucer with a layer of succulent mix soil. I will link an organic succulent soil if you are interested in buying a ready made mix.
- Some people like to simply lay the leaves on top of the soil. You can do that, but I like to slightly bury the ends of the leaf a day or two after it has calloused over. I have found that this helps the plants develop a more dense root system.
- Place the plate or saucer of leaves in a filtered sunny spot. I usually place mine on a covered porch that gets bright, indirect light.
- After a few weeks you should see some growth. Usually you will see roots and then a baby plant, but sometimes it is the opposite. Side note: once your succulent leaves begin to grow roots you can occasionally mist the roots with water. Some people will do it everyday, some every couple of days. I have found that it really isn’t needed. Succulents that grow in the wild don’t have people who come and mist their leaves everyday. Yes, they may get occasional rain, but they are not dependent on it. In my experience, I have just as many successful soil propagators when I don’t mist the roots, as when I do. This is really just personal preference.
- When the leaf has shriveled or you notice that your baby succulent has stopped growing, you can move it to it’s own little pot. Gently bury the roots in a 50/50 mixture of perlite and cactus soil. Wait a couple of days before watering, because potting the baby succulent can make roots more vulnerable to damage.
- A few days after you have potted up your new baby succulent you can give it a good watering. As long as your pot has good drainage holes and a good draining soil mix you should be able to thoroughly drench your plant and allow the water to run through several times. You will need to water when the soil is completely dry. This will differ depending on your climate and time of year, but in zone 8a Georgia I find myself watering about every two weeks.
Congratulations! You are now well on your way to growing lots of little baby succulents of your very own. Be sure to let me know any questions you may have, and any other topics you would love to read about. Happy Gardening!